Orientation in History and genesis of Organic farming in India and around the world – Status of Organic farming in India – Impact of Green Revolution – Introduction to bio-diversity, agricultural ecology and environment – Natural resources – potential and utilization for the last hundred years and its impact – Conservation of plant biodiversity including weed flora.
Climatic change on chemical and organic agriculture in India and the world– Conservation of water resources from different pollutants- Low cost bio-remediation measures.
Soil health – concepts – problem diagnosis – conservation of soil – problem soil reclamation under organic farming –soil physical, chemical and biological improvement – organic carbon status and improvement strategies – sources of organics – production potentials – maintenance of soil health – long term effect.
Crop production technologies – Response of crops and varieties – cropping systems – Role of green manures and pulses – ITK’S – IFS – Resource conservation – enhancing crop productivity and food production.
Weeds, insects and disease management under organic farming – ITK’s – sustainable crop management practices. Conservative irrigation practices – problems of modern irrigation system – ITK’s- Post harvest technology – preservation – value addition-quality parameters – marketing and export avenues – organic certification.
Allied enterprises under organic farming – organic honey, milk and egg production. Sustainability indices for evaluating long term and indirect benefits.Economic evaluation of organic agricultural technologies.